Charged Dates v. Plead Dates | U.S. v. Pfc. Manning
Military prosecutors have charged Private First Class Bradley* Manning with violating three Articles of the Uniform Code of Military Justice (U.C.M.J):
‘Aiding the Enemy’ under Article 104
16 separate offenses under General Article 134
5 offenses of Article 92 ‘Failure to obey order or regulation’
The 16 separate offenses under General Article 134 include:
1 specification for ‘Wanton Publication of Intelligence on the Internet’
8 specification of the Espionage Act-- 18 U.S.C. 793(e)
2 specification of the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act-- 18 U.S.C. 1030(a)(1)
5 specification of ‘Stealing U.S. Government Property’-- 18 U.S.C. 641
The five separate offenses of Article 92 or a ‘failure to obey order or regulation’ include:
attempting to bypass a network of information security system mechanism
adding unauthorized software to a Secret Internet Protocol Router Network on two separate occasions
using an information system in a manner other than its intended purpose wrongfully storing classified information
Manning pled guilty to 7 lesser included offenses of the Espionage Act for unauthorized possession and willful communication of:
an unclassified video of a 7 July 2007 Apache air strike known as Collateral Murder
2 classified CIA Red Cell Memos
more than 25 classified records from the Iraq War Logs
more than 25 classified records from the Afghan War Diary
more than three classified records from the GTMO Files
5 classified records pertaining to the Garani air strike in May 2009, and
a United States Army Counterintelligence Center 2008 Report on WikiLeaks
Manning also pled guilty to two lesser included offenses (LIO) of the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act for ‘knowingly accessing’ and ‘willfully communicating’ more than 76 U.S. Department of State Cables.
When Manning pled to the 7 LIO of 18 U.S.C. 793(e)-- part of the Espionage Act; two LIO of 18 U.S.C. 1030(a)(1)-- part of the CFAA; and one additional violation of Article 92 for wrongfully storing classified information, he substituted dates for the respective offenses charged against him by the U.S. Government.
The Government is moving forward on all offenses as charged, despite Manning's plea, except Specification 14 of Charge II under Article 134. The Government has accepted Manning's plea to the LIO of 18 U.S.C.1030(a)(1)-- part of the CFAA-- for knowingly accessing and willfully communicating a State Department cable known as Reykjavik 13.
The Charges, Manning's Plea, and Maximum Punishment (Sortable)
*During the pretrial proceedings, court-martial and sentencing of Pfc. Manning, Chelsea requested to be identified as Bradley and addressed using the male pronoun. In a letter embargoed for August 22, 2013 Chelsea proclaimed that she is female and wished to be addressed from that moment forward as Chelsea E. Manning.
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